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Tree Species List

Homeowners Guide to Landscape Tree Selection

Landscape trees provide shade and beauty to a property, but it is important to be conscious of what kinds of trees fare better in our region. Below is a list of landscape trees that are more likely to thrive in our climate and soil composition.

There are several key steps for success when choosing and installing a landscape tree. Take care with the following steps:

Selection: Choose the right tree for the right spot. Take into account the final height and spread to the tree canopy. Overhead lines, sidewalks and structures can be damaged or damage your tree.

Purchase: Choose healthy nursery stock suited for Fort McMurray Zone 2a cold hardiness. The tree you choose should be disease and insect free and should meet Canadian Nursery Stock Standards 9th Edition.

Transportation: Be sure to protect your tree during transport. Use a tarp or a covered vehicle to prevent the tree from drying out and ensure your tree health. Take care to not drop or otherwise damage the root ball during transport.

Planting: The Engineering Servicing Standards document provides guidance on page 478 for proper planting of a tree.

Take care to avoid digging in the areas of utility lines to prevent damage and potential gas or water leaks.

Firesmart:

Since the May 2016 wildfire, the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo introduced Fire Smart principles within the community. These principles can help prevent the spread of a forest fire in the future.

Be sure to plant trees 10 meters from your house, which will have the biggest impact on protecting your home

Planting trees 3 meters apart will help reduce the intensity of a wildfire.

Common Name Botanical Name Height (m) Crown Spread (m) Growth rate
Manitoba Maple Acer negundo 12 10 Fast
White Birch Betula papyrfera 12 9 Slow
Green Ash Pensylvanica 20 10 Slow
Poplar Poplar x (zone 2 cultivar) 15.0-25.0 6.0-12.0 Fast
Brandon elm Ulmus americana ‘Brandon’ 15 12 Slow
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila 12 10 Fast
Amur maple Acer ginnala 6 5 Fast
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia 6 6 Fast
Crab apple Malus x (zone 2 cultivar) 5 4 Slow
Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa 10 8 Slow
Laurel-Leaf willow Salix pentandra 16 7 Fast
American mountain ash Sorbus Americana 8 5 Fast
Showy mountain ash Sorbus decora 8 6 Fast
Jack pine Pinus banksiana 12 3 Slow
Larch/Tamarack Larix laricina 12 3 Fast
Siberian larch Larix sibirica 12 3 Fast
White spruce Picea glauca 20 5 Fast
Common Name Botanical Name Height (m) Crown Spread Growth rate
(m)
Manitoba Maple Acer negundo 12 10 Fast
White Birch Betula papyrfera 12 9 Slow
Green Ash Pensylvanica 20 10 Slow
Poplar Poplar x (zone 2 cultivar) 15.0-25.0 6.0-12.0 Fast
Brandon elm Ulmus americana ‘Brandon’ 15 12 Slow
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila 12 10 Fast
Amur maple Acer ginnala 6 5 Fast
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia 6 6 Fast
Crab apple Malus x (zone 2 cultivar) 5 4 Slow
Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa 10 8 Slow
Laurel-Leaf willow Salix pentandra 16 7 Fast
American mountain ash Sorbus Americana 8 5 Fast
Showy mountain ash Sorbus decora 8 6 Fast
Jack pine Pinus banksiana 12 3 Slow
Larch/Tamarack Larix laricina 12 3 Fast
Siberian larch Larix sibirica 12 3 Fast
White spruce Picea glauca 20 5 Fast

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