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Smoke Alarms

Smoke Alarm Safety Tips 
Smoke Alarm Inspection & Maintenance Record

Smoke alarms are self-contained devices that have a smoke sensor and an audible alarm. When installed properly and maintained, they play a vital role in reducing fire deaths and injury. Working smoke alarms give you early warning so you can get outside quickly.   

Types of Smoke Alarms

There are two types of smoke alarms:

  • Ionization – commonly more responsive to flaming fires.
  • Photoelectric – commonly more responsive to smoldering fire.

For best protection, use both types of smoke alarms in your home.


Smoke alarms should be installed in every bedroom, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home. If your home was built after 1977 then the smoke alarms must be hard-wired into the electrical system in your home. For best protection, smoke alarms should be interconnected so that when one alarms sounds.


Smoke alarms should be tested monthly using the test button. Smoke alarms batteries should be replaced every year, when the smoke alarms chirps or when suggested by the manufacturer. Save and follow the instruction manual for all testing and maintenance requirements.        

Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10 years old or when they don’t work properly after testing.

Requirements for Apartments and Hotels

The National Fire Code Alberta Edition requires that an owner of a leased dwelling unit shall:

  • ensure smoke alarms within the dwelling unit are tested and cleaned prior to occupancy.
  • provide tenants information concerning ongoing smoke alarm testing and maintenance.

Records off all testing and maintenance must be kept onsite for two years.

Contact Us:

For more information, please contact the Fire Prevention Branch at 780-792-5519 or e-mail us to Ask a Question.

All Winter Maintenance Zones relaxed Feb. 24 - 28.