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Water Conservation Tips

A variety of water efficient fixtures and appliances are available on the market. Retro-fitting and/or replacing older, less efficient fixtures can help reduce your household’s water consumption and save you money on your water and sewer bill.

Water Efficient Fixtures

Older/standard model Water-efficient model Savings per year
Shower eight litres per minute 6 litres per minute 9,052 litres or 22 per cent
Washer 155 litres per load 102 litres per load 20,732 litres or 34 per cent
Dishwasher 40 per load 26 litres per load 4,380 litres or 33 per cent
Toilet 20 litres per flush 6 litres per flush 67,747 litres or 70 per cent
Faucet/Aerator 19 litres per minute 6 litres per minute 103,551 litres or 70 per cent

Water Conservation Tips


  • Repair leaking faucets and toilets. A small drip can add up to 27,000 litres per year if unattended.
  • Shower instead of bathing. This can save 70 litres per session.
  • Install a flow restrictor on your shower and sink head.
  • Turn off your tap when brushing your teeth or shaving and save more than 6,900 litres per year.
  • Install a low-flow toilet or toilet dam.


  • Wait until you have a full load of clothes.
  • When purchasing a new washing machine, consider a high efficiency model that will use an average of 30% less water and 40 to 50% less electricity.


  • Clean vegetables in a sink or pan rather than running water. You can re-use this water for watering indoor plants.
  • If you wash dishes by hand, rinse them in a sink partially filled with clean water instead of running water.
  • Chill water in the fridge instead of running the tap.
  • Avoid using garburetors.
  • Scrape, rather than rinse your dishes.


  • Insulate your hot water pipes and your electric water heater.
  • When purchasing a water softener, consider a model that has a “hardness sensor” that will automatically trigger a regeneration.

Outdoor Tips

  • Avoid over-watering lawns (limit watering to a maximum of 2 hours).
  • Water early in the morning or late in the evening to prevent water loss due to evaporation.
  • Collect rain water for watering your outdoor plants. Tanks should be drained weekly to prevent a mosquito breeding ground.
  • Do not cut the grass too short. Longer grass helps shade the soil and reduces the need for watering.
  • Plant drought-resistant varieties of trees and shrubs.

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